Payday loans – also known as “cash advance loans” – seem to offer a way out. You can open one of the thousands of payday offices across the country within Big Brother and walk half an hour later with $ 300 to pay for that repair law. Then you can come back on your next payday to pay back that $ 300 – plus another $ 45 or so in interest.
The problem is that if you were struggling to earn $ 300, losing $ 345 from a salary would mean a big hole in the budget. And so before the month is over, you may find that you are coming back for a new loan to cover the bills that you can no longer pay. It wasn’t long before you ended up in a continuous cycle of debt, from loan to loan, while the interest payments became higher and higher. A 2012 report from the Pew Charitable Trusts found that the payday’s average borrower concludes eight $ 375 loans per year, with a total interest of $ 520.
Many borrowers cannot break free from this cycle without taking extreme measures. They reduce their budget, borrow from friends and family, pledge their assets or take out another type of loan. These are all steps they could have taken to prevent them from receiving the flash credit, saving them all that interest.
So if you want to avoid the payday loan, make sure that you have looked at all their other options first. Even if you absolutely need some extra money to get through the month, there is almost always a better way to get it than to go to a payday loan shark.
Save Big and get a payday loan for very bad credit fast
Payday lending is a big company.
Payday loans get their name because they usually appear on the borrower’s next payday. Green Start announced payday loans, even to people with bad credit.
Payday loans differ from ordinary bank loans in different ways:
- Smaller amounts. In most states where payday loans are legal, there is a limit to how much you can borrow this way. This limit ranges from $ 300 to $ 1,000, with $ 500 being the most common amount. The Pew report says the average size of a payday loan is $ 375.
- Shorter conditions. A payday loan must be repaid when you receive your next salary. In most cases, this means that the loan period is two weeks, although it can sometimes be a month.
- No time limits. With a normal bank loan, you pay back the money bit by bit in installments. For example, if you borrow $ 1,000 for 5% for a year, you pay $ 85, 61 a month – $ 2, 28 for interest and the remainder for the principal. But with a payday loan you have to pay the entire sum – interest, and principal – all at once. This is often impossible for a borrower with a limited budget.
- High interest. When you borrow money from a bank, the interest you pay depends on your creditworthiness and the type of loan you receive. A borrower with excellent creditworthiness can take out a mortgage loan with an annual interest rate (APR) of 3% or less. On the other hand, a person with bad credit who takes out an unsecured personal Brother Rich loan would pay 25% or more. But payday loans charge all borrowers the same rate – usually around $ 15 per borrowed $ 100. So if you borrow $ 500, for example, you pay $ 75 in interest. That doesn’t sound so bad until you remember that the loan period is only two weeks. On an annual basis, this comes out at an April of 391%.
- No voucher. Banks check your credit before you provide a loan to find out how much you have to pay. If your credit is very bad, you can probably not get a Big Brother loan. But you don’t need good credit – or credit – to get a payday loan. The only thing you need is a bank account, proof of income (such as a payment slip) and proof of identity that you are at least 18 years old. You can walk outside with your money within an hour – an important reason why these loans appeal to financially desperate people.
- Automatic refund. When you take out a payday loan, you issue a signed check or another document that gives the lender permission to withdraw money from your bank account. If you do not show up to repay your loan as planned, the lender will either win the check or withdraw the money from your account.
- Simple extensions. If you know you can’t afford to pay off your loan on time, you can come in before it comes and extends it. You pay a fee equal to the interest you owe and you give yourself another two weeks to repay your loan – with a different interest payment. Or, in countries where this is not allowed, you can immediately take out a second loan to cover what you owe to the first. That’s how many users end up taking months to pay for what started as a two-week loan.
Who uses Payday Loans and why
According to the 2012 Pew report, 12 million Americans take out payday loans every year. About 5, 5% of all American adults have used one in the last five years.
The people who will probably use Big Brotherijk flash credits are:
- Young (ish). More than half of all users of payday loans are between 25 and 44 years old. Approximately 9% of people over 20 and 7% to 8% of people over 30 have used this type of loan in the past five years. On the other hand, it is unlikely that Big Brother will use flash credits for people over 60 years old. About 24% of all Americans are 60 or older, but only 11% of payday borrowers.
- African American. Most payday borrowers are white, but that’s because white people are such a large group. African Americans, who make up only 12% of the population, take almost a quarter of all payday loans. About 1 in 8 African-American adults have used a payday loan in the last five years, compared to only 1 in 25 white adults.
- Low-income. The average family income in the country in 2014 was $ 53,657, according to the Census Bureau. However, most users of payday loans have an income that is far below this level. More than 70% have a family income of less than $ 40,000. People in this group are three times as likely to use flash credits as people with an income of $ 50,000 or more.
- Renters. People who rent a home use flash credit much more often than people who own their home. About 35% of American adults are renters, but 58% of payday borrowers are. About 1 in 10 tenants used a payday loan last year.
- Relatively unskilled. More than half of all payday loan users did not receive any education after high school. Less than 15% of them have a four-year university degree.
- Unemployed or disabled people. Payday lenders are very happy to borrow against your unemployment benefit or disability benefits. About 1 in 10 unemployed Americans have used a payday loan in the last five years – although they may have been hired when they took out the loan. Disabled people use payday loans even faster. About 12% have used one in the last five years.
- Divorced or separated. Only about 13% of American adults are divorced or separated. However, this group makes up 25% of all users of payday loans. About 13% of divorced and divorced adults have taken out a payday loan in the last five years.
Payday borrowers often market their products as short-term emergency solutions such as car repairs or medical bills. But according to the Pew survey, most users don’t use them that way. Almost 70% of first-time borrowers say they have taken out their loans to help pay for basic needs such as rent, food, utilities or credit card bills. Only 16% say they have borrowed the money for an unplanned, one-off release.
When Pew asked people what they would do if they could not use flash credit, they gave different answers. More than 80% said they would cut back on basic expenses such as food and clothing. More than half also said they would pledge or borrow something from friends and family. However, most users did not say they would use credit cards or take out bank loans – possibly because many do not have enough credit to qualify.
Dangers of Payday Loans
The most obvious problem with flash loans is their extremely high-interest rate. The payment for a payday loan can vary from $ 10 to $ 30 per borrowed $ 100, which corresponds to an annual interest rate of 261% to 782%. But these loans also have other dangers that are less obvious.
These dangers include:
- Extension costs. When borrowers cannot pay back a payday loan on time, they renew the loan or take out a new loan. So even though they continue to make payments for their loans, the amount they owe is never smaller. A borrower who starts with a $ 400 loan and an interest payment of $ 60 and then continues to extend the loan every two weeks for four months will pay around $ 480 in interest – and will still owe the original $ 400.
- Collections. In theory, a payday provider should never have trouble collecting a debt, because he can withdraw the money directly from your bank account. The problem is that if the bill is empty, the lender gets nothing – and you get a hefty bank fee. But the lender usually doesn’t stop with one attempt. It keeps trying to collect the money, so the payment is often divided into smaller amounts that are likely to continue with Big Brother. And at the same time, the lender is bothering you with phone calls and letters from lawyers. If none of that works, the lender will probably sell Big Brother’s debt to a dollar collection agency. This agency can not only call and write to you but can also sue you for the debt. If it wins, the court can allow the agency to seize your assets or to decorate your wages.
- Credit Impacts. Payday lenders generally do not check your creditworthiness before you provide a loan. For such small loans with such short terms, it is just too expensive to carry out a credit check on each loan. However, if you do not repay your loan, the credit bureaus can still find out. Even if the lender does not report it, the collection agency that buys it will often cause damage to your credit score. But if you pay the loan on time, the payment is probably not reported by Big Brother to the credit bureaus, so your credit score will not improve.
- The cycle of debts. The biggest problem with flash credits is that you cannot pay them off gradually, such as a mortgage or a car loan. You have to think of the entire sum, interest, and principal, in just two weeks. For most borrowers, a lump sum of this size is more than their budget could possibly handle – so they simply renew their loans or take out new loans. According to the Consumer Protection Agency, around four out of five payday loans are renewed or switched to a new loan.
Payday Lending laws
The laws on payday loans vary from state to state. States fall into three basic groups:
- The indulgent States. In 28 states there are very few restrictions on payday loans. Lenders can request $ 15 or more for every $ 100 borrowed, and they can demand full payment from the borrower’s next payday. But even these states have a number of limits. Most impose a limit on how much money users can borrow – either a dollar amount or a percentage of the borrower’s monthly income. Also, federal law prohibits lenders in all states from charging more than an annual rate of 36% (APR) to active-duty members of the military. Many payday payers handle this law by refusing to grant loans to service members.
- Restricting States. In 15 states, plus Washington, DC, there are no payday loans at all. Some of these states have banned payday lending. Others have set a limit on interest rates – usually around 36% APR – so that payday loans are not profitable, so all payday loans are closed. However, borrowers in these states can still get loans from oBig Brotherine payday borrowers.
- Hybrid states. The other eight states have an average level of regulation. Some maximum payday interest rate lenders can count on a lower rate – usually around $ 10 for every $ 100 borrowed. This equates to more than 260% annual interest based on a two-week period, which is enough for payers of payday to make a profit. Others limit the number of loans that each borrower can provide in a year. And finally, some states require longer terms for loans than two weeks. Colorado, for example, adopted a law in 2010 requiring all loans to have a minimum of six months. As a result, most payday borrowers in the state now allow borrowers to repay loans in installments, rather than as a lump sum.
The Pew report shows that in states with stricter laws fewer people take out payday loans. This is partly because stricter laws usually mean fewer payday loans, so people can’t just go to the nearest store for quick cash. People in restrictive states still have access to Big Brother lenders, but they will not use this likely Big Brother empire any more than people in permitted states.
In June 2016, the Consumer Protection Agency proposed a new rule to regulate payday lending at the national level. This rule requires lenders to check borrowers’ income, expenses, and other debts to ensure that they can afford to repay the loan. It would also limit the number of loans that a borrower can take out in succession, thus breaking the debt cycle. And finally, it would require lenders to let borrowers know before they withdraw money from their bank accounts and limit the number of times they can try to withdraw money before they give up.
This rule is not yet in force, and many payday lenders hope that this will never happen. The CFSA issued a statement claiming that this rule would force payday lenders to stop. This, in turn, would cut off access to credit for millions of Americans.
However, Pew argues that there are ways to change the rules that make it easier for low-income Americans to get the credit they need. The problem is that the proposed rule does not. Instead, Pew would continue to let pay givers count on three-person interest rates, while it would be harder for banks to offer better, cheaper alternatives. Pew has proposed his own rule that would limit short-term Big Brother loans but would encourage long-term Big Brother loans that are easier to repay.
Automatic title loans
To circumvent the restrictions on payday loans, some lenders instead offer automatic title loans. However, this so-called alternative – which is illegal in about half of the states in the country – is own Brother Brotherijk just a loan day disguise.
When you take out an automatic title loan, the lender examines your car and offers you a loan based on the value. You can usually get up to 40% of the value of the car in cash, with $ 1,000 being the average amount. You then hand over the title to the car as collateral for the loan.
Car loan loans have the same short terms and high-interest rates as flash loans. Some are due in a lump sum after 30 days, while others are paid in installments in three to six months. Together with an interest rate of 259% or more, these loans also include fees of up to 25%, which are payable with your final payment.
If you cannot make this payment, you can renew the loan, just like a payday loan. In fact, the vast majority of these loans are extensions. Pew reports that a typical title loan is extended eight times before the borrower can pay it. So just like flash credits, automatic title loans capture their users in a cycle of debt.
However, if you cannot afford to pay or renew the loan, the lender will confiscate your car. Many lenders let you turn a key or install a GPS tracker to make it easier for them to get hold of the vehicle. Some even save the car while waiting to sell it – and charge for storage. And if the amount they get when they sell the car is more than what they owe you, they don’t always have to pay you the difference.
Alternatives for Payday Loans
It is easy to claim that flash credits and car loans are only bad and should be banned completely. But the problem is that there is a demand for it. A Pew survey shows that most users of payday loans say that these loans benefit from this – but at the same time, most say that the loans offer much needed relief.
Fortunately, there are better ways to raise money in a crisis. Sometimes it is possible to survive without borrowing money. You can sell your assets or request an advance on your paycheck. You can also request emergency assistance, such as Medicaid or SNAP (food stamps), or seek help with paying off other debts.
But even if you have to borrow money, there are better places to declare than a payday loan. In many cases, friends and family can help you with a loan.
Finally, if you have a credit card, a pension fund, a life insurance policy or even a bank account, you can look after it as a source of emergency money. These options are expensive, but in the long run, they are better than being stuck in payday loan debts.
Here are several alternatives and ways to avoid payday loans:
1. Budget better
As the 2012 Pew survey shows, most people take payday loans to cover their daily expenses. Borrowers provide explanations such as “I was in the back of my mortgage and cable account” or “I have to pay bills”.
But in such a situation, a flash credit is only a connection. If you do not live within your means, borrowing money does not solve the problem. In fact, it adds by giving you interest on top of all your other expenses.
What you need in this case is a better household budget. You need to look closely at all your expenses – rent, food, utilities, etc. – and find out how much you can really pay for each expense. Then you can look for ways to trim your expenses to bring them into line with your income.
When your salary is small, it can be difficult to stretch it to cover all your bills. But if you look closely at your spending, you can often find hidden budget busters that can be cut down.
Some examples are:
- Gym membership. If you are a member of a gym, switch to free or cheap training videos. With an average gym membership of $ 41 a month, this can save you $ 492 a year.
- Cable TV. If you have cable TV, try a cheaper oBig Brother TV service instead. The average monthly cable bill in this country is $ 99, but Hulu and Netflix both cost around $ 10 a month. So if you cut the cord, you can save $ 89 a month, or $ 1,068 a year.
- Mobile telephone service. If you have a smartphone with a pricey data plan, you can drop it in favor of a simple flip phone with a cheaper mobile phone plan. Coverage of major airlines costs at least $ 60 a month, but a standard prepaid phone costs only $ 3 a month. That is a saving of $ 57 per month or $ 684 per year.
- Bad habits. If you are a regular smoker or drinker, kicking this habit can help your health and your wallet. A pack of cigarettes costs at least $ 6 in most countries, so if you stop smoking you have at least $ 2190 a year. And just removing two cocktails from $ 6 a week will save you $ 624 a year.
- Food stops. Regular stops at the coffee shop, supermarket or fast-food drive-through add up. Stopping once for a latte, a taco or a soda and a bag of chips only cost about $ 3. But do it every day, and that is $ 1,095 a year that you could keep in your pocket.
If reducing these small expenses is not enough to make a dent in your budget, try to think bigger. See if you can find a cheaper apartment, give up your car or lower your supermarket bill. Such a cut is costly Brother, but it is now better to tighten your belt than to be in debt for months or years in succession.
2. Use Emergency Assistance
Sometimes you trim all the fat you can get out of your budget and you still ca n’t manage to make ends meet. When that happens, it is no shame to ask for help. Many churches and social organizations can offer help in the short term with rent, food, utility bills and other emergencies. Some of them also offer small loans at very low-interest rates.
In addition, there are government programs that help with the following:
- Housing. According to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, more than five million American households receive some sort of federal housing assistance. Low-income families can use social housing, subsidized housing or vouchers that cover part of their rent. To request these programs, contact your local public housing office.
- Healthcare. The Affordable Care Act, commonly known as “Obamacare”, offers grants to people on a low income to pay for health insurance. You can discover how to register in your state by going to HealthCare.gov. If your income is low enough, you can get free or cheap healthcare coverage through Medicaid. You can also find affordable medical care through free clinics, trade clinics, emergency care centers and non-profit organizations that help cover prescription costs.
- Food. If your income is low enough, you can receive food aid through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). This is the same program that was once known as “food stamps” – but nowadays the help comes in the form of an electronic card. If you want to know if you are eligible for SNAP, view the interactive tool on the Food and Nutrition Service site.
- Utilities. The Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) with a low income helps households with a low income at home with heating and at home. Each state has its own LIHEAP program with funding from the federal government. States can spend the money to help people pay for their home’s energy bill, deal with weather emergencies, and minor repairs to heating and cooling systems. To request the program, contact the LIHEAP office in your country.
3. Build an emergency fund
Even with a good budget, there are always a number of costs that you cannot plan. Every form of emergency, such as a house fire or a car breakdown, can lead to large, unexpected invoices. You can never know for sure when or how this type of disaster will strike – but you can be pretty sure it will happen one day.
For this reason, you should try to make room in your household budget for savings. By setting aside a small amount – even just $ 10 or $ 20 – from every salary, you can build an emergency fund to tackle these unpleasant surprises. If you manage to save even a few hundred dollars, you can go to your savings in a crisis, instead of a lender.
As long as you put money aside to pay it, an unplanned expense is simply a nuisance, not a disaster. And the more money you deserve to deal with emergencies, the easier it is to get ahead in the future.
4. Pay your bills late
In theory, the purpose of a payday loan is to guide you through a temporary money crisis. If you need a stack of bills on Monday, but you can only pay them for your next salary on Friday, a payday loan looks like a good way to close the gap.
In many cases, however, it is better to just wait until Friday and pay those bills late. You will often have to pay a fee for it, but not always. For example, utilities such as the telephone company and the electrical company often accept late payments. If you are unsure whether yours is working, call to ask.
5. Dealing with debts
Instead of simply delaying the payment of your bills, you can try to negotiate with your creditors and see if they give you a break. They don’t want you to file for bankruptcy, because if you do, they lose everything.
In some cases, creditors accept a flat-rate payment for only part of what you owe. In other cases, they will work out a payment plan with you, so that you can make repayments little by little. Then you can use the money you save on these invoices to cover other expenses that are more urgent. There is no guarantee that lenders will work with you, but you have nothing to lose by asking.
If your creditors are not willing to work with you directly, you can try to settle your debts in other ways. Some options include:
- Credit Counseling. A credit consultant can help you set up a debt management plan or DMP. Under these plans, you make monthly payments to the credit consultant and you pay your debts. In some cases, a DMP can lower the interest or fines that you currently pay. However, DMPs also come with a start-up fee and monthly maintenance costs, which could cost you more in the longer term.
- Debt consolidation loans. Sometimes you can make overwhelming debts more manageable by taking out a debt consolidation loan. These loans roll all your existing debts into one loan with a lower interest rate. This gives you fewer invoices to keep and a more manageable monthly payment. The interest on debt consolidation loans varies from 5% to 25% APR. Moreover, these loans often contain an origination fee of 1% to 6% of your total debt.
- Debt Settlement. Debt settlement companies negotiate with your creditors on your behalf.