People have immense confidence in the Indian judicial system, which gives it a unique character: CJI Ramana

India’s Chief Justice NV Ramana said on Monday that the country’s judicial system was unique, not only because of its dedication to the written Constitution and its spirit, but also because of the immense faith that the people grant it.

Addressing the gathering during the 76th Independence Day celebrations at the Supreme Court Complex, Ramana said, “People are confident that they will get redress and justice from the justice system. This gives them strength to pursue a dispute. They know that when things go wrong, justice will back them up.

India‘s Supreme Court is the guardian of the Constitution in the world’s largest democracy. The Constitution grants the Supreme Court broad powers and jurisdiction to render complete justice. This power to dispense absolute justice under Section 142 brings to life the Indian Supreme Court’s motto, ‘Yatto Dharma Sthato Jaya’ (Where there is Dharma, there is Victory),” a- he added.

According to the CJI, the struggle for independence was not simply for liberation from colonial power, it was for the dignity of all. It was to lay the foundations of democracy. This foundation was laid during years of detailed deliberations in the constituent assembly, which produced the most progressive and scientific document, the Constitution of India.

He said: “The aim was to establish a democracy, where a nation is built on people’s aspirations and where equality takes center stage. Having a democratic form of governance was of the utmost importance to us in order to maintain the cohesion of society. As Dr. Ambedkar said,
“Democracy is…essentially an attitude of respect and reverence towards other men.

“Today we celebrate the transformational journey of 75 years,
in which a mere colony emerged as the world’s largest democracy. All over the world, Indians hold key positions and are instrumental in shaping the global future. These are all products of independent India. We have to thank the founders of independent India, for their vision and for building great institutions of learning.

“As we sit back and cherish the journey we have undertaken thus far; we must not forget the contributions of the great freedom fighters and legal minds who made this journey possible. Throughout the independence struggle, lawyers like Mahatma Gandhi, Motilal Nehru, Sardar Patel, CR Dash, Andhra Kesari Tanguturi Prakasam Patulu Garu, Lala Lajpat Rai, Saifuddin Kitchlew and PV Rajamannar fought from the courts to the streets .

“Similarly, the story of our constitution-making would be incomplete without telling the contribution made by the
lawyers. Many writers have given up their money-making practices to participate in this enterprise. Dr. BR Ambedkar, Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, KM Munshi, Purushottam Das Tandon, TT
Krishnamachari, GB Pant, Gopalaswami Ayyangar were some of the famous constituent assembly members. It was their dedication to the people, their sacrifice for the cause and the deep
commitment to the future, which has shaped our Constitution,” added Justice Ramana.

He said that within the constitutional framework, each organ has been given a
single bond. The idea that justice is only the responsibility of the Court is dispelled by section 38 of Indian law
Constitution, which entrusts the State with ensuring justice: social, economic and political. Every act of every state organ must be consistent with the spirit of the Constitution. The three branches of government – the executive, the legislature and the judiciary – are equal repositories of constitutional trust.

The Indian judiciary, since its inception, has strived to meet constitutional aspirations. The judiciary has, for
interpretation exercise, has also strengthened various independent institutions, be it the Election Commission, Central Vigilance Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, etc., the CJI added.

He said the legislature may not be able to foresee problems that might arise during implementation, adding that in interpreting laws, the courts have given effect to the true intent of the legislature and have also rendered relevant laws for contemporary times.

According to the CJI, the act of rendering justice transcends the law. He quoted Sri Nani Palkhivala: “The Dharma lives in the hearts of public men; when he dies there, no Constitution, no law, no amendment,
can save him.

Justice Ramana said that the Indian Constitution is the fundamental document that governs the relationship between the citizens and the government.

“While he granted us inalienable rights, he imposes certain fundamental duties on us, which are not only pedantic or technical. They were incorporated as the key to social transformation. Our creators envisioned a nation, where citizens are aware, alert and able to make the right decisions,” he added.

The CJI has identified language as an important key to accessibility.

He said, “Today, in an effort to disseminate information, we released a quality publication of the Supreme Court in Telugu. With this, we have this
book “Courts of India – Past and Present” in seven languages. I hope this book will soon appear in all Indian languages. I
to congratulate the director and those in charge of the Supreme Court Library for their excellent work. It has been my personal effort to advocate for the Indianization of the judicial system.

“Our system will truly belong to the people, when we honor and cherish
our diversity. Lawyers are in the best position to be the ambassadors of the promotion
constitutional culture and spirit. If it is the mandate of constitutional courts to uphold human rights and
freedoms, lawyers play a key role in guiding the courts in the right direction. It is essential that each generation shares with the successors
generations the experiences and struggles of the past.

“My caution to the young professional is that there is no shortcut to success. Hard work and sincerity always pays off in the long run. Don’t give up hope. Remember your commitment to society. This institution needs your vigor and the freshness of your thoughts. I urge every citizen to be a significant player in our democracy. We must all try to immerse ourselves in the Constitution
philosophy in its true spirit,” he added.

On this occasion, Justice Ramana remembered Keertiseshulu Sri Pingali Venkayya Garu, the architect of the Indian national flag, who “was from Telugu land”.

“He is the one who designed the pride and identity of independent India, our national flag,” noted the CJI.

He also expressed concern about the increase in Covid-19 cases. He called on people to be careful and not let their guard down.

He said: ‘I remember when I took over as Chief Justice, the once in a century pandemic almost destroyed us. Even my family members couldn’t attend the swearing-in ceremony, there was fear everywhere. Much near and
loved ones of all of us lost their lives. Lawyers, judges, officers of the
register were afraid to touch the documents.

“The court inherited the backlog of almost a year because of the new coronavirus and there were blockages. In the past 16 months, we have only been able to physically assemble for 55 days. I wish the situation were different and we could be more productive. It is right and natural for people to have high expectations, but unfortunately the forces of nature have been
against us. I hope that in the near future the situation will return to normal, to its full potential.

“When Covid-19 took away our near and dear ones, our entire system worked fearlessly to deliver justice. Lawyers and judges worked without interruption, both online and offline. Under the guidance of the IT Committee, our videoconferencing system has continued to evolve,” added the CJI.

Speaking of the Supreme Court Bar Association, which organized the event, Justice Ramana said the association was able to resolve several long-standing issues. Even in the most difficult times, he extended his services to those most in need. The SCBA stands out as one of the most dynamic associations in the country, he added.