One of the most famous Chinese artists of the 20th century, Dong Xiwen, painted “The Land of a Thousand Years Turned Around” in 1963.
It shows Tibetan serfs taking ownership of their own land and working for their own interests.
After the founding of New China in 1949, the Chinese central government adopted a policy of peaceful liberation of Tibet.
On October 19, 1950, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) advanced into Tibet and won the Battle of Qamdo. It opened the door to peaceful negotiations and created the conditions for the liberation of Tibet.
In April 1951, the Tibetan local government sent a delegation, led by Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme, to negotiate with the central government in Beijing.
The peaceful liberation of Tibet was achieved after the signing of the Agreement of the Central People’s Government and the Local Government of Tibet on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet (also known as the 17 Article Agreement) on May 23, 1951. .
According to the agreement, Tibet is part of China; the local Tibetan armed forces were incorporated into the PLA; and freedom of religious belief in Tibet is guaranteed.
In October 1951, the PLA arrived in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet. The peaceful liberation of Tibet was an important event in modern Chinese history, as well as a milestone in Tibetan history.
The peaceful liberation of Tibet has proven that the Chinese Communist Party‘s policy on ethnic minorities reflects the common aspiration and fundamental interests of all Chinese people, including the Tibetan people.
The peaceful liberation of Tibet laid a solid foundation for the unity and prosperity of the newly founded People’s Republic of China.
Over the past 70 years, the Chinese Communist Party has united and led people of all ethnic groups in Tibet to achieve unprecedented historical achievements.
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